ACTUALITÉ À LA UNE

Europe :: Suisse – et travailler sur Mundanorum


Europe centrale, à l’est de la France, du Seigneur, qui venait d’Italie,




total:
41,277 km2

terre;
39,997 km2

l’eau;
1280 km2

comparaison avec le monde;


un peu moins de deux fois la taille du New Jersey

Carte de la zone de conférence;


total:
1 770 km

Les pays frontaliers (5)
Autriche 158 km, France 525 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Italie 698 km 348 km Allemagne,


température, de chacune des hauteurs; grésil d’hiver froid, nuageux, pluvieux / neigeux; frais à chaud, nuageux, étés humides Bien qu’il pleuve;


généralement des montagnes (au sud à travers les Alpes, Jura au nord-ouest) avec un plateau central de collines, de vallées et de grands lacs


la hauteur moyenne;
1 350 m

le point le plus bas,
Lac Majeur 195 m

que le plus haut:
4,634 m Dufourspitze


potentiel hydroélectrique, bois, sel

terre agricole;
38,7%

(2011 est.)

impossible à labourer
10,2%
(2011 est.)
/
récoltes permanentes:
0,6%
(2011 est.)
/
Le permanent n’est pas un pâturage pour eux;
27,9%
(2011 est.)

forêt;
31,5%

(2011 est.)

autres;
29,8%

(2011 est.)



correspond à une élévation de la répartition de la population de loin les zones les plus graves qui se sont propagées au nord de celles-ci; La composition de la frontière des Alpes du sud, depuis les hauteurs,


avalanches, glissements de terrain; crues éclair

l’air est aliquet lorem être sur lui; engrais agricoles pour apaiser l’eau; l’érosion du sol et les contaminants chimiques causant les dommages; Perte de biodiversité


fait partie;
Pollution atmosphérique, pollution de l’air, oxydes d’azote, pollution de l’air, Polluants organiques persistants, pollution de l’air, Soufre 85, pollution de l’air, Soufre 94, composés organiques volatils de la pollution de l’air, Traité sur l’Antarctique, Biodiversité, Changement climatique, Changement climatique, Protocole de Kyoto, Désertification , Espèces menacées d’extinction, Modification de l’environnement, Déchets dangereux, Immersion en mer, Vie marine, préservation Protection de la couche d’ozone, Pollution des navires, le matériau 83, le matériau du cyclone tropical 94, Zones humides, chasse à la baleine

c’était scellé, mais ils ne devaient pas être confirmés;
le droit de la mer


enclavé, carrefour du nord et du sud de l’Europe; à l’est par la France, la France et l’Autriche, a dans les hauts lieux, et au sud les hauteurs des Alpes

8 403 994

(Juillet 2020 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;


le nom:
Suisse (singulier et pluriel)

adjectif;
Suisse


Suisse 69,5%, allemand 4,2%, 3,2% italien, portugais 2,6%, 2% français, kosovar 1,1%, 17,3% des autres non spécifiés. 1%
(2018 est.)

Remarque: sont permanents et qu’ils ne représentent pas la connaissance de Dieu, qui habite dans le pays de sa population natale


Allemand (ou Suisse allemand) (officiel) 62,6%, français (officiel) 22,9%, italien (officiel) 8,2%, 5,4% anglais, portugais 3,7%, 3,2% albanais, serbo-croate 2,5%, 2,4% espagnol, portugais (officiel), 0,5%, 7,7% autres
(2017 est.)

Remarque: Part des langues allemande, française, italienne, russe dans les services publics à 100% car certains répondants ont donné plus d’une réponse

Les catholiques romains 35,9%, les autres chrétiens 5,9% protestants, 23,8%, 5,4%, les musulmans sont venus, les juifs 0,3%, les autres 1,4%, et non 26%, sans précision 1,4%
(2017 est.)

0-14 ans
15,34%
(664.255 hommes / femmes 625.252)

15-24 ans;
10,39%
(446,196 hommes / femmes 426 708)

25-54 ans;
42,05%
(1.768.245 hommes / femmes 1.765.941)

55-64 ans;
13,48%
(569.717 hommes / femmes 563.482)

65 ans ou plus;
18,73%
(699.750 hommes / femmes 874.448)
(2020 est.)

pyramide des âges

Rapport de dépendance total;
51,6

Ratio de dépendance des jeunes;
22,7

Le taux de dépendance des personnes âgées;
29

Système de soutien potentiel;
3,5

(2020 est.)

0,66%

(2020 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;


10,5 naissances / 1000 habitants

(2020 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;

8,5 décès / 1000 habitants

(2020 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;

4,6 migrant (s) / 1000 habitants

(2020 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;


correspond à une élévation de la répartition de la population de loin les zones les plus graves qui se sont propagées au nord de celles-ci; La composition de la frontière des Alpes du sud, depuis les hauteurs,

population urbaine;
73,9% de la population totale de
(2020)

taux d’urbanisation;
Un taux annuel de variation de 0,88%
(Le 2015-20.)


1 395 millions Zurich, Berne, 430 000 (maux de tête)
(2020)

il est né;
1,06 homme (s) / femme

0-14 ans
1,06 homme (s) / femme

15-24 ans;
1,05 homme (s) / femme

25-54 ans;
1 homme (s) / femme

55-64 ans;
1,01 homme (s) / femme

65 ans ou plus;
0-8 homme (s) / femme

industrie;
0,98 homme (s) / femme

(2020 est.)



Ils doivent 5/100 000 naissances vivantes

(2017 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;


total:
Ils doivent 3,5 / 1 000 naissances vivantes

Masculin:
3,8 décès / 1 000 naissances vivantes

femelle:
Ils doivent 3,2 / 1 000 naissances vivantes

(2020 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;


industrie;
82,8 ans

Masculin:
80,5 ans

femelle:
85,3 ans

(2020 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;

1,57 enfant né / femme

(2020 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;


meilleur;
Urbana;
100% de la population

rural;
100% de la population

total:
100% de la population

Les déshabillés;
Urbana;
0% d’hommes

rural;
0% d’hommes

total:
0% d’hommes
(2015 est.)

4,24 médecins / 1000 habitants

(2016)

4,7 lits / 1 000 habitants

(2013)

meilleur;
Urbana;
99,9% des hommes
(2015 est.)

rural;
99,8% de la population
(2015 est.)

total:
99,9% des hommes
(2015 est.)

Les déshabillés;
Urbana;
0,1% de la population
(2015 est.)

rural;
0,2% de la population
(2015 est.)

total:
0,1% de la population
(2015 est.)





19,5%

(2016)

comparaison avec le monde;

5,1% du produit intérieur brut

(2016)

comparaison avec le monde;

total:
16 ans

Masculin:
16 ans

femelle:
16 ans

(2016)

total:
7,9%

Masculin:
8,4%

femelle:
7,5%

(2018 est.)

comparaison avec le monde;


forme longue conventionnelle;
Confédération suisse

Forme courte conventionnelle:
Suisse

entrée de formulaire:
Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (Relié) Confederation Hebraeos Indole Plus particulièrement, (français); Confederazione Switzerland (italien); Confederaziun Svizra (romanche)

Forme courte locale:
Schweiz (Relié) Hebraeos Indole Plus particulièrement, (français); Suisse (italien); Svizra (romanche)

abréviation:
CH

étymologie:
L’ancien nom du village est dérivé de la Suisse est l’un des de Schwyz, être entré dans le nom de la ville d’Etrurie, qu’au 14ème siècle, ils ont été formés

République fédérale (agrégation formelle)


-le
XT

les coordonnées du monde;
46 55 S, R 28 7

la distinction
UTC + 1 (6 heures d’avance sur Washington, 600, selon l’heure Standard)

heure d’été;
+ 1h, commence le dernier jour de mars, le dernier dimanche d’octobre

étymologie: Au nom d’origine incertaine, mais dérivé de la Colombie-Britannique. La grêle au IIe siècle de “Berne” est un “rocher” qui a été adopté plus tard, les Romains


26 régions (cantons, singulier – le français Boi, canton, singulier – canton italien, kanton, singulier – emploi en allemand); Argovie, italien, abbé Innerrhoden, Basel Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Berne / XT, Fribourg / Freiburg Times (ECB) Glarus, Graubuenden / Grigioni / Grischun, Jura, Suisse, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz Soleure Internationale, Uri et Tessin Valais / Wallis, Vaud, Zoug, Zuerich

Remarque: 6 des cantons – anglais, Abbot Innerrhoden, Basel Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Nidwalden, Obwalden – dont les personnes intermédiaires devaient choisir un seul membre (au lieu de deux) aux États du Conseil et, dans les référendums populaires dans lesquels la majorité des votes et la vulgarité La majorité cantonale des voix est requise, sauf que la seconde moitié des 6 voix

1er août 1291 (fondation de la Confédération pontificale suisse)


En 1291, la ville de la Confédération suisse; Note – qui célèbre la fête nationale le 1er août 1891

histoire;
Avant 1848, 1874; Puis, renvoyant au plus tard le 18 avril 1999, en vigueur le 1er janvier 2000

amendements
proposé par les deux chambres des États-Unis pour demander une réunion, ou au moins cent mille des droits de vote (appelé «initiative populaire fédérale»); Les conditions locales nécessitent un référendum à la majorité des voix; L’amendement à la Convention, et il vient de le savoir, elle a soutenu l’un de ceux-ci: Devraient-ils demander l’approbation du passage comme se référant au point de vue de la majorité et à l’approbation de la majorité des peuples; amendé plusieurs fois, le dernier en 2018 (2020)
(2016)


et tortor luctus la juridiction de la CIJ obligatoire; Il accepte le bon Icct

citizenship by birth:
no

citizenship by descent only:
at least one parent must be a citizen of Switzerland

dual citizenship recognized:
yes

residency requirement for naturalization:
12 years including at least 3 of the last 5 years prior to application


18 years of age; universal

chief of state:
President of the Swiss Confederation Simonetta SOMMARUGA (since 1 January 2020; Vice President Guy PARMELIN (since 1 January 2020); note – the Federal Council, which is comprised of 7 federal councillors, constitutes the federal government of Switzerland; council members rotate the 1-year term of federal president (chief of state and head of government)

head of government:

President of the Swiss Confederation Simonetta SOMMARUGA (since 1 January 2020; Vice President Guy PARMELIN (since 1 January 2020)

cabinet:
Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian) indirectly elected by the Federal Assembly for a 4-year term

elections/appointments:
president and vice president elected by the Federal Assembly from among members of the Federal Council for a 1-year, non-consecutive term; election last held on 11 December 2019 (next to be held in December 2020)

election results:
Simonetta SOMMARUGA elected president; Federal Assembly vote – 192 of 205; Guy PARMELIN elected vice president; Federal Assembly vote – 191 of 204

description:
description: bicameral Federal Assembly or Bundesversammlung (in German), Assemblée Fédérale (in French), Assemblea Federale (in Italian) consists of:
Council of States or Ständerat (in German), Conseil des États (in French), Consiglio degli Stati (in Italian) (46 seats; members in multi-seat constituencies representing cantons and single-seat constituencies representing half cantons directly elected by simple majority vote except Jura and Neuchatel cantons which use proportional representation vote; member term governed by cantonal law)
National Council or Nationalrat (in German), Conseil National (in French), Consiglio Nazionale (in Italian) (200 seats; 195 members in cantons directly elected by proportional representation vote and 6 in half cantons directly elected by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms)
(e.g. 2019)

elections:

Council of States – last held in most cantons on 20 October 2019 (each canton determines when the next election will be held)
National Council – last held on 20 October 2019 (next to be held in 2023)
(e.g. 2019)

election results:

Council of States – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – CVP 13, FDP 12, SDP 9, Green Party 5, other 1; composition – NA
National Council – percent of vote by party – SVP 25.6%, SP 16.8%, FDP 15.1%, Green Party 13.2%, CVP 11.4%, GLP 7.8%, other 10.1%; seats by party – SVP 53, SP 39, FDP 29, Green Party 28, CVP 25, GLP 16, other 10; composition – men 116, women 84, percent of women 42%
(e.g. 2019)

highest courts:
Federal Supreme Court (consists of 38 justices and 19 deputy justices organized into 7 divisions)

judge selection and term of office:
judges elected by the Federal Assembly for 6-year terms; note – judges are affiliated with political parties and are elected according to linguistic and regional criteria in approximate proportion to the level of party representation in the Federal Assembly

subordinate courts:
Federal Criminal Court (established in 2004); Federal Administrative Court (established in 2007); note – each of Switzerland’s 26 cantons has its own courts


Christian Democratic People’s Party (Christlichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz or CVP, Parti Democrate-Chretien Suisse or PDC, Partito Popolare Democratico Svizzero or PPD, Partida Cristiandemocratica dalla Svizra or PCD) [Gerhard PFISTER]Conservative Democratic Party (Buergerlich-Demokratische Partei Schweiz or BDP, Parti Bourgeois Democratique Suisse or PBD, Partito Borghese Democratico Svizzero or PBD, Partido burgais democratica Svizera or PBD) [Martin LANDOLT]Free Democratic Party or FDP.The Liberals (FDP.Die Liberalen, PLR.Les Liberaux-Radicaux, PLR.I Liberali, Ils Liberals) [Petra GOESSI]Green Liberal Party (Gruenliberale Partei or GLP, Parti vert liberale or PVL, Partito Verde-Liberale or PVL, Partida Verde Liberale or PVL) [Juerg GROSSEN]Green Party (Gruene Partei der Schweiz or Gruene, Parti Ecologiste Suisse or Les Verts, Partito Ecologista Svizzero or I Verdi, Partida Ecologica Svizra or La Verda) [Regula RYTZ]Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz or SP, Parti Socialiste Suisse or PSS, Partito Socialista Svizzero or PSS, Partida Socialdemocratica de la Svizra or PSS) [Christian LEVRAT]Swiss People’s Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei or SVP, Union Democratique du Centre or UDC, Unione Democratica di Centro or UDC, Uniun Democratica dal Center or UDC) [Albert ROESTI]other minor parties


ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, EITI (implementing country), ESA, FAO, FATF, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club, PCA, PFP, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMISS, UNMOGIP, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Ambassador Jacques PITTELOUD (since 16 September 2019)

chancery:
2900 Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone:
[1] (202) 745-7900

FAX:
[1] (202) 387-2564

consulate(s) general:
Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco


chief of mission:
Ambassador Edward “Ed” MCMULLEN, Jr. (since 21 November 2017) note – also accredited to Liechtenstein

telephone:
[41] (031) 357-70-11

embassy:
Sulgeneckstrasse 19, CH-3007 Bern

mailing address:
use embassy street address

FAX:
[41] (031) 357-73-20


red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag; various medieval legends purport to describe the origin of the flag; a white cross used as identification for troops of the Swiss Confederation is first attested at the Battle of Laupen (1339)


Swiss cross (white cross on red field, arms equal length); national colors: red, white


Leonhard WIDMER [German], Charles CHATELANAT [French], Camillo VALSANGIACOMO [Italian], and Flurin CAMATHIAS [Romansch]/Alberik ZWYSSIG

the Swiss anthem has four names: “Schweizerpsalm” [German] “Cantique Suisse” [French] “Salmo svizzero,” [Italian] “Psalm svizzer” [Romansch] (Swiss Psalm)

note: unofficially adopted 1961, officially 1981; the anthem has been popular in a number of Swiss cantons since its composition (in German) in 1841; translated into the other three official languages of the country (French, Italian, and Romansch), it is official in each of those languages


Switzerland, a country that espouses neutrality, is a prosperous and modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and a per capita GDP among the highest in the world. Switzerland’s economy benefits from a highly developed service sector, led by financial services, and a manufacturing industry that specializes in high-technology, knowledge-based production. Its economic and political stability, transparent legal system, exceptional infrastructure, efficient capital markets, and low corporate tax rates also make Switzerland one of the world’s most competitive economies.

The Swiss have brought their economic practices largely into conformity with the EU’s to gain access to the Union’s Single Market and enhance the country’s international competitiveness. Some trade protectionism remains, however, particularly for its small agricultural sector. The fate of the Swiss economy is tightly linked to that of its neighbors in the euro zone, which purchases half of Swiss exports. The global financial crisis of 2008 and resulting economic downturn in 2009 stalled demand for Swiss exports and put Switzerland into a recession. During this period, the Swiss National Bank (SNB) implemented a zero-interest rate policy to boost the economy, as well as to prevent appreciation of the franc, and Switzerland’s economy began to recover in 2010.

The sovereign debt crises unfolding in neighboring euro-zone countries, however, coupled with economic instability in Russia and other Eastern European economies drove up demand for the Swiss franc by investors seeking a safehaven currency. In January 2015, the SNB abandoned the Swiss franc’s peg to the euro, roiling global currency markets and making active SNB intervention a necessary hallmark of present-day Swiss monetary policy. The independent SNB has upheld its zero interest rate policy and conducted major market interventions to prevent further appreciation of the Swiss franc, but parliamentarians have urged it to do more to weaken the currency. The franc’s strength has made Swiss exports less competitive and weakened the country’s growth outlook; GDP growth fell below 2% per year from 2011 through 2017.

In recent years, Switzerland has responded to increasing pressure from neighboring countries and trading partners to reform its banking secrecy laws, by agreeing to conform to OECD regulations on administrative assistance in tax matters, including tax evasion. The Swiss Government has also renegotiated its double taxation agreements with numerous countries, including the US, to incorporate OECD standards.

$523.1 billion

(2017 est.)

$514.5 billion

(2016 est.)

$506.5 billion

(2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world:


1.7%

(2017 est.)

1.6%

(2016 est.)

1.3%

(2015 est.)

country comparison to the world:


$62,100

(2017 est.)

$61,800

(2016 est.)

$61,500

(2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world:

33.8% of GDP

(2017 est.)

32.3% of GDP

(2016 est.)

33.9% of GDP

(2015 est.)

country comparison to the world:

household consumption:
53.7%

(2017 est.)

government consumption:
12%

(2017 est.)

investment in fixed capital:
24.5%

(2017 est.)

investment in inventories:
-1.4%

(2017 est.)

exports of goods and services:
65.1%

(2017 est.)

imports of goods and services:
-54%

(2017 est.)

agriculture:
0.7%

(2017 est.)

industry:
25.6%

(2017 est.)

services:
73.7%

(2017 est.)


grains, fruits, vegetables; meat, eggs, dairy products


machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, insurance, pharmaceuticals

3.4%

(2017 est.)

country comparison to the world:


5.159 million

(2017 est.)

country comparison to the world:

agriculture:
3.3%

industry:
19.8%

services:
76.9%

(2015)


3.2%

(2017 est.)

3.3%

(2016 est.)

country comparison to the world:



lowest 10%:
7.5%

highest 10%:
19%

(2007)


revenues:
242.1 billion

(2017 est.)

expenditures:
234.4 billion

(2017 est.)

note: includes federal, cantonal, and municipal budgets

35.7% (of GDP)

(2017 est.)

country comparison to the world:

1.1% (of GDP)

(2017 est.)

country comparison to the world:


41.8% of GDP

(2017 est.)

41.8% of GDP

(2016 est.)

note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM (Government Financial Systems Manual) 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options

country comparison to the world:


0.5%

(2017 est.)

-0.4%

(2016 est.)

country comparison to the world:


$66.55 billion

(2017 est.)

$63.16 billion

(2016 est.)

country comparison to the world:


$313.5 billion

(2017 est.)

$318.1 billion

(2016 est.)

note: trade data exclude trade with Switzerland

country comparison to the world:


Germany 15.2%, US 12.3%, China 8.2%, India 6.7%, France 5.7%, UK 5.7%, Hong Kong 5.4%, Italy 5.3%
(2017)


machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products


$264.5 billion

(2017 est.)

$266.3 billion

(2016 est.)

country comparison to the world:


machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals; agricultural products, textiles


Germany 20.9%, US 7.9%, Italy 7.6%, UK 7.3%, France 6.8%, China 5%
(2017)


$811.2 billion

(31 December 2017 est.)

$679.3 billion

(31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world:


$1.664 trillion

(31 March 2016 est.)

$1.663 trillion

(31 March 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world:

Swiss francs (CHF) per US dollar –

0.9875

(2017 est.)

0.9852

(2016 est.)

0.9852

(2015 est.)

0.9627

(2014 est.)

0.9152

(2013 est.)